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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • All the authors have agreed with the paper publication
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • The text adheres to the formatting, stylistic, and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

Author Guidelines

Papers must be submitted exclusively in the electronic form using OJS interface.

Time of manuscript processing

Editors will send a message to acknowledge the receipt of papers and their submission for review within 14 days. The editor-in-chief can reject the manuscript or send it for revision immediately after the preview if the material does not meet the Aims and Scope,  Plagiarism Policy, and Requirements for format, style, and bibliography.  

There is no exactly determined time from submission of the manuscript to its acceptance and publication.

General requirements for papers

  1. Language of the paper: Ukrainian, English, German.
  2. The volume of the main text of the paper: from 0.3 author’s sheet (12,000 characters) to 1 author’s sheet (40,000 characters).
  3. The text must be typed in MS Word and saved in .doc or .docx format.
  4. Page options: A4 format, 3 cm margins, without headers, footers and page numbers.
  5. It is necessary to use style Normal only.
  6. The main text font is Times New Roman, 12 pt, normal, without hyphenation.
  7. Paragraph parameters:
    • alignment – justification;
    • 1 pt line spacing;
    • 1 cm indent of the first line;
    • 0 mm spacing between paragraphs;
    • prohibition of hanging lines.
  8. Parameters of paper section headings: Times New Roman, bold, uppercase letters.
  9. All hypertext links and email addresses in the text should be active links.

Paper structural elements

Block 1

  1. Title of the paper (14 pt, bold, lowercase, the paragraph without the first line indention, justified).
  2. Full names of the authors (center alignment, the paragraph without the first line indention).
    It is important!
  3. Place of work or studying, degree, title, position, ORCID ID, e-mail (center alignment, without the first line indention).
    It is important!
    • If possible, use the official translation of the institution name listed on its website.
  4. The word "Abstract." (bold). In the same line put an extended summary of the article of length from 1500 to 2500 characters.
  5. The word "Keywords:" (bold). Then in the same line – from 3 to 8 key concepts of the study, separated by a ";".

Block 2. The main text of the paper.

It is necessary to follow the IMRAD format (Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion).

The main text of the article should comprise the following sections:


  • problem statement;
  • analysis of recent research and publications;
  • purpose and objectives of the paper.







Block 3. References

  • heading "REFERENCES";
  • the list should contain no more than 30 items;
  • the list is made according to the requirements of APA style, 6th edition;
  • sources in the list are put in alphabetical order;
  • after each reference indicate the source language in brackets, for example (in Ukrainian) or (in English);
  • do not numerate references in the list.

Block 4

Line "The material has been submitted __.__ 201_" (right alignment).

Requirements for citations and references

Citations and references should conform to APA style, 6th edition. Reference information can be found here:

You can use the automated reference service, the word processor MS WORD, as well as use EndNote functions from WoS to create your list of sources.

In addition, we recommend for the automatic registration of scientific sources.

Formatting individual objects


  • numbered lists: "1.", "1", "a)", "VI.";
  • bullet-point lists: «-», «•».


  • formulae and individual mathematical symbols and letters to indicate the values in the text should be typed in the MS Equation embedded editor without framing and fills;
  • center alignment;
  • numbering: in round brackets, on the right.


  • program code fragments should be placed directly after the text, where they are mentioned for the first time or on the next page (not at the end of the paper);
  • font: Courier New;
  • before and after listing, leave one empty line.


  • tables within the paper should be numbered, put the line "Table N" (italic, right alignment);
  • tables should be placed directly after the text, where they are mentioned for the first time or on the next page (not at the end of the paper);
  • a table should be separated from the text by blank lines: before the line "Table N" and after the table;
  • the format of the table title: the position is above the table, bold font, center alignment;
  • when writing table contents, it is desirable to use the left alignment without the indent of the first line.


  • Illustrations (photographs, drawings, charts, maps, screenshots of site pages, etc.) must be submitted directly after the text, where they are mentioned for the first time or on the next page.
  • The quality of illustrations should high.
  • The paper text should contain references to all illustrations used in it.
  • Illustrations are marked with the word "Fig. N.", numbered sequentially using Arabic numerals. The names of illustrations are placed after their numbers. If necessary, illustrations are supplemented by explanatory data (legends).
  • The drawing title is written with a capital letter and must be placed in the middle of the page under the illustration in italics. After the title the full stop is not put.
  • Illustrations in the paper may be black-and-white or coloured.
  • It is necessary to leave one blank line before and after the legend.

Requirements for the abstract written in English

Abstracts should be:

  • informative (do not include general words);
  • original (do not copy the shortened summary in the original language);
  • comprehensive (display the main content of the article and research results);
  • structured (repeat the procedure for describing the results in the article);
  • written in high quality English.

Structure and content of the abstract

The abstract should describe the essential facts of the work and should not exaggerate or contain a material that is not in the main part of the publication. The structure of the abstract that repeats the structure of the paper is favoured and it may include the introduction, the purpose and tasks, methods, results, and conclusion. But the subject, the topic, the purpose of the work are indicated in the case if they are not understandable from the title of the paper. It is advisable to describe the methods of carrying out the work if they are innovative.

The results of the research have to be described as accurately and informatively as possible. Please provide the basic theoretical and experimental results, actual data, and determined regularities. At the same time, new results and long-term data, important discoveries, conclusions that refute existing theories, as well as data that, in the author's opinion, are of practical importance are favoured. The conclusions may be accompanied by recommendations, evaluations, suggestions, and hypotheses described in the paper. The information contained in the title of the paper should not be repeated in the abstract.

Please avoid unnecessary introductory phrases (for example, "the author of the paper considers ...", "in this paper some data is given ..."). Historical references, if they do not constitute the main content of the document, the description of previously published works and well-known provisions in the annotation are not given.

In the abstract, syntactic constructions that are inherent in the language of scientific and technical documents should be used, and complicated grammatical constructions that are not used in scientific English should be avoided. The text of the abstract should be concise and clear, free from secondary information, extra introductory words, general and insignificant wording. It is necessary to use the active rather than the passive voice, that is, "The study tested," but not "It was tested in this study", which is a common mistake in English language abstracts). It is advisable to avoid the use of transliterated terms and words in the abstract.

In the English text please use the terminology inherent in foreign special texts and avoid words from local slang that have not been internationally disseminated. Abbreviations and symbols, except for commonly used (including English special texts), are used in exceptional cases or their definitions should be provided.

Units of physical quantities must be indicated in the international SI system. It is possible to indicate them in round brackets along with the value in the system of units, used in the source document.

The EMERALD website provides examples of correct and incorrect abstract writing: (

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